PalmSens Knowledge Base



Heavy metal analysis of river water using the IS-HM sensor

This application note provides a comprehensive set of instructions for use of the screen-printed electrode (SPE) IS-HM in analyzing Pb, Cd, and Cu concentrations of a polluted river water sample.


Mercury analysis using the ItalSens-Au sensor

A comprehensive set of instructions for use of the screen-printed electrode (SPE) IS-Au for determining the Hg concentrations of aqueous solutions.


Test Procedure for ItalSens IS-C Graphite Sensors

This application note is used to verify the IS-C (graphite) sensors and their electrochemical stability.


Measuring Naphthol with carbon electrodes (IS-C)

The screen-printed carbon electrodes by ItalSens IS-C have been characterized by measuring naphthol, and can also be used for quantification of naphthol.

application-note OCP

OCP with MUX8-R2

The multiplexer MUX8-R2 offers the possibility to record reliable Open Circuit Potential (OCP) measurements in the Alternating mode, which allows to monitor the OCP of multiple samples / working electrodes over time with a single potentiostat. This is a significant improvement compared to its predecessors MUX8 and MUX16. In this application note it is demonstrated how to setup and perform an OCP measurement with the MUX8-R2 in the Alternating mode.

application-note Potentiostat

Potentiostat System on Module

This is an article published by Analog Devices on their website about the EmStat Pico its advantages and application examples.


Impact of Noise on DPV and SWV

In this application note, the influence of noise on a measurement using a differential pulse technique is demonstrated.


Synchronized measurements with the MultiPalmSens4

PSAN0408 - How to use the MultiPalmSens4 as a polypotentiostat, using hardware synchronization.


Vitamin C Detection with ItalSens IS-C

This application note describes how to create a calibration for quantitative measurements of vitamin C. Due to the detailed description and harmless solutions this an excellent electrochemical experiment with liquids for beginners in the field of electrochemistry.

application-note Potentiostat

Potentiostatic and Galvanostatic EIS

What is GEIS? When to use GEIS or PEIS?


EmStat Pico module for Bio-FET application

Field-effect transistor-based biosensors have drawn attentions due to its potential for small-scale, low cost, high-throughput and sensitive devices. Applications based on Bio-FET include, but not limited to, ion sensing, detection of DNA hybridization and protein binding.


Connect SensitBT to Bluetooth

This application note describes various ways to connect the portable SensitBT to Bluetooth. To connect using Android you can use PSTouch, in Windows you can use PSTrace or MethodSCRIPT. In iOS you can use MethodSCRIPT.


pH Measurement using EmStat Pico

This article shows the ease of integration of the device into a system and demonstrates the range of applications of the potentiostat module by detailing three different electrochemical measurements: OCP (pH), cyclic voltammetry, and EIS.


Change Bluetooth on Pico dev board

This tutorial describes how to change the settings of the LAIRD BT900 Bluetooth module on the EmStat Pico development board.


Arduino MKR Zero with EmStat Pico dev board

This document describes how to connect an Arduino MKR Zero to the EmStat Pico development board


Bluetooth module for EmStat3 OEM

Describes how to use the Bluetooth module for EmStat3 OEM

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