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MultiPalmSens4

Multi-channel Potentiostat / Galvanostat / Impedance Analyzer

  • 4 to 10 channels available in different configurations
  • FRA / EIS: 10 μHz up to 1 MHz
  • 9 current ranges: 100 pA to 10 mA
  • potential range: ±5 V or ±10 V
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Description

The MultiPalmSens4 is a flexible multi-channel potentiostat, galvanostat and impedance analyzer which you can fully tailor to your requirements and budget. The MultiTrace software allows for using each channel individually or simultaneously or running a sequence of automated tasks on each channel. Each channel provides an additional auxiliary port for controlling peripherals or monitoring temperature or other analog signals.

Configure your ideal multi-channel potentiostat

Each channel can be configured with:

  • ±5 V or ±10 V maximum potential range
  • EIS/FRA with maximum frequency of 100 kHz or 1 MHz
  • Bipotentiostat module for second WE
  • iR-Compensation
  • Galvanic isolation

Always a backup

Every channel of the MultiPalmSens4 is equipped with 8 GB storage space. This means all your measurements1 can automatically be saved on-board as backup.
Measurements can be browsed and transferred to the PC easily using the MultiTrace software for Windows.

1Not supported for on-device backup: EIS, MultiStep and MixedMode

Synchronizing channels in Synched mode

By enabling synchronization of channels and adjusting the setup of your cables, you can use the MultiPalmSens4 as a polypotentiostat. This means you can use multiple working electrodes, one counter and one reference electrode in the same cell at the same time. Your working electrodes all perform the same measurement.

 

Specifications

for each channel:

General
dc-potential range ±10 V (or ±5 V) *
compliance voltage ±10 V
maximum current ±30 mA (typical)
max. acquisition rate 150,000 data points/s
Potentiostat (controlled potential mode)
applied dc-potential resolution 76.3 µV
applied potential accuracy ≤ 0.1% ±1 mV offset
current ranges 100 pA to 10 mA (9 ranges)
current accuracy ≤ 0.1 % (at Full Scale Range)
measured current resolution 0.005 % of current range (5 fA on 100 pA range)
0.0025% of 10 mA range
Galvanostat (controlled current mode)
current ranges 1 nA to 10 mA (8 ranges)
applied dc-current range ±6 times applied current range
applied dc-current resolution 0.0076% of applied current range (<10 mA)
0.0038% of 10 mA range
measured dc-potential resolution 78.13 μV at ±10 V
7.813 μV at ±1 V
0.7813 μV at ±0.1 V
measured dc-potential accuracy ≤ 0.05% or ±1 mV (for |E| < ±9 V)
≤ 0.2% (for |E| ≥ ±9 V)
FRA / EIS (impedance measurements)
frequency range 10 μHz to 1 MHz (or 10 μHz to 100 kHz) *
ac-amplitude range 1 mV to 0.25 V rms, or 0.6 V p-p
GEIS (galvanostatic impedance measurements)
frequency range 10 μHz to 100 kHz (or 10 μHz to 100 kHz)
ac-amplitude range 0.001 x CR to 0.4 x CR (<10 mA)
0.001 x CR to 0.2 x CR (10 mA)
(CR = current range)
Electrometer
electrometer amplifier input > 1 TΩ // 10 pF
bandwidth 1 MHz
Other
housing  15 x 25 x 25 cm3
weight +/- 4 kg
temperature range 0 ºC to + 50 ºC
power supply External 12V AC/DC adapter
communication USB
internal storage space 8 GB per channel
or +/- 800000 measurements incl. method info (assuming 200 data points per measurement)
Auxiliary port (D-Sub 15)
analog input ±10 V, 18 bit
analog output 0-10 V, 12 bit (1 kOhm output impedance)
4 digital outputs 0-5 V
1 digital input 0-5 V
i-out and E-out raw output of current and potential
E-out ±10 V (1 kOhm output impedance)
i-out ±6 V (1 kOhm output impedance)
power 5 V output (max. 150 mA)

*depending on hardware configuration

 

EIS Accuracy Contour Plot

Techniques

Voltammetric techniques

  • Linear Sweep Voltammetry (LSV)
  • Cyclic Voltammetry (CV)
  • Fast Cyclic Voltammetry (FCV)
  • AC Voltammetry (ACV)

Pulsed techniques

  • Differential Pulse Voltammetry (DPV)
  • Square Wave Voltammetry (SWV)
  • Normal Pulse Voltammetry (NPV)

Amperometric techniques

  • Chronoamperometry (CA)
  • Zero Resistance Amperometry (ZRA)
  • Chronocoulometry (CC)
  • MultiStep Amperometry (MA)
  • Fast Amperometry (FAM)
  • Pulsed Amperometric Detection (PAD)
  • Multiple-Pulse Amperometric Detection (MPAD)

Galvanostatic techniques

  • Linear Sweep Potentiometry (LSP)
  • Chronopotentiometry (CP)
  • MultiStep Potentiometry (MP)
  • Open Circuit Potentiometry (OCP)
  • Stripping Chronopotentiometry (SCP or PSA)

Other

  • Mixed Mode (MM)

Potentiostatic/Galvanostatic Impedance spectroscopy (EIS/GEIS)

  • Potential scan or current scan
  • Fixed potential or fixed current
  • Time scan
Missing a technique? Find it in our cross-reference list

Extensions

Main extensions for MultiPalmSens4
Channels:
Region:
 ALLCH1CH2CH3CH4CH5CH6CH7CH8CH9CH10
Potential Range
Max. freq. for EIS
BiPot
IR-compensation
Galvanically isolated

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Software

MultiTrace for Windows

The MultiTrace software gives you full control over the channels of our multi-channel instruments. MultiTrace can be used with multi-channel potentiostats in two different modes; the Individual and Simultaneous mode.

Individual mode

All potentiostats are used independently. Measurements can be started on all channels with one click, or one at a time on individual channels. Each measured curve is shown in its own plot.

Simultaneous mode

All channels run the same measurement at the same time (optionally hardware-synchronized). The measured curves are displayed in a single plot and can be stored together in a single data file or in separate data files.

 

More information about MultiTrace

Software Development Kits

The PalmSens Software Development Kits (SDKs) for .NET can be used with any of our instruments or OEM potentiostat modules to develop your own software. The SDK’s come with a set of examples that shows how to use the libraries.

PalmSens SDKs with examples are available for the following .NET Frameworks:

  • WinForms
  • WPF
  • Xamarin (for Android)
  • UWP

More information about SDKs for .NET

Downloads

Name Type Last updated
Synchronized measurements with the MultiPalmSens4 PSAN0408 - How to use the MultiPalmSens4 as a polypotentiostat, using hardware synchronization.application-note02-02-21
MultiPalmSens4 description A detailed description of the MultiPalmSens4 multi-channel potentiostat.documentation20-01-21
Potentiostatic and Galvanostatic EIS What is GEIS? When to use GEIS or PEIS?application-note14-12-20
Multichannel, polypotentiostat or multiplexer This will help you to choose the ideal multi-channel instrument for your application.application-note08-04-20
Galvanic Isolation In this application note the galvanic isolation options are discussed for the different PalmSens instruments as well as the effect of galvanic isolation on your measurement.application-note08-04-20
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